Escondido is a city in California’s North County region, occupying a shallow valley ringed by rocky hills, just north of the city of San Diego and 30 miles (48 km) from Downtown San Diego. Incorporated in 1888, it is one of the oldest cities in San Diego County.
The city is growing at a rapid rate with new communities like Hidden Trails appearing at the east end of East Valley Parkway. The city proper is surrounded by several sparsely populated unincorporated communities. These include Jesmond Dene and Hidden Meadows to the north; Felicita Park to the southwest; and Rincon Del Diablo to the southeast. Natural vegetation types in the Escondido area include chaparral brushland, oak woodland, riparian woodland, and grassland. The Daley Ranch Preserve north of the city provides a good location to view these natural vegetation types.
Downtown has become more active in the past few years with the opening of restaurants, cafes, and galleries. The Escondido Children’s Museum and the Escondido History Center, two independent non-profit museums, are located in Grape Day Park. Escondido has fifteen parks.
The city is served by the Escondido Union School District, the Escondido Union High School District, and the San Pasqual Union School District. The city has 19 elementary, five middle, and seven high schools.